Tertiary Catalogue

Subsistence Systems

Anthropology: The Four Fields

Regardless of the language, the geographic location or the culture, the question being asked is the same "What are we going to eat today?" The difference comes in the answer and the response depends upon the subsistence system used by those asking the question. This film focuses on three types of subsistence patterns: foraging, horticultural/ agricultural, and pastoralism. The Ju'/hoansi live in the Kalahari Desert in southern Africa. They are a prime example of the hunter/gatherer-foraging subsistence system. In contrast, people in food-producing societies control the production of either plants or animals. Food-producing societies tend to be sedentary; they live in larger groups than foragers and have more complex social and political structures. Another subsistence system is pastoralism, the managing of herds of animals.

Rating: E
Production Year: 2008
Duration: 28 min
Series: Anthropology: The Four Fields

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