Metacognitive strategies for students

Metacognition is thinking about thinking. The ability to think about how they process their thoughts, feelings and information helps students understand how they learn best. It also helps to encourage problem-solving, study skills and self-questioning in and beyond the classroom or lecture environment. This is a valuable skill for their years at school and in higher education, but also in their broader life.

How to use metacognitive strategies

Teaching metacognitive strategies helps students understand the way they learn. By understanding how we learn best, we can make decisions to maximise our progression towards learning goals. Whether someone learns by doing, seeing or receiving instruction impacts on how we respond to given subject material.

Metacognition activities can include planning how best to approach learning tasks, evaluating progress and monitoring comprehension through self-reflection questions.

Why use metacognition in the classroom?

Explicitly teaching metacognitive strategies improves student learning. Metacognitive strategies can be taught, embedded into lesson plans and routines, and linked to curriculum content. By becoming aware of the learning process, students gain control over and take responsibility for their learning. They can self-regulate, manage motivation and actively seek out feedback to improve their understanding of how they learn.

It’s not a matter of teaching a metacognitive strategy once in isolation. It needs to be extensively modelled, with its intention shared with students.

Effective strategies for teaching metacognition

To help them achieve their learning goals within a particular topic or subject, students have the option to watch a video from the ClickView collection. These videos may include an interactive question layer to help students reflect on their thinking as they watch.

Learn more about interactive videos
Metacognitive strategies ClickView Interactives

Three ways ClickView helps teach metacognition in education

  1. Document through vlogs

    Students can reflect on their learning by recording a reflection vlog, or a series of vlogs. These could document a period of time, a class assignment or unit of work during which their skills in metacognition developed.

  2. Extend personal development skills

    You can create or show your classes videos on topics such as study skills, learning styles and critical thinking skills. ClickView has a variety of videos on personal development and learning topics. These are frequently accompanied by teacher resources to help you develop your lesson or lesson sequence.

  3. Explore learning preferences

    Students can have a class discussion analysing the style of video they prefer and giving justification as to why. This favourite style or genre might be documentary, TV, instructional, interview, parody, or something else they’ve seen.